Saturday, 7 March 2015

Painkiller-Addicted Babies a Growing U.S. Concern, Especially in Fla.


Newborns suffering from neonatal abstinence syndrome go through a difficult withdrawal

WebMD News from HealthDay

By Steven Reinberg

HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, March 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors in the United States are seeing more infants born addicted to narcotic painkillers -- a problem highlighted by a new Florida-based report.

These infants experience what's called neonatal abstinence syndrome as they undergo withdrawal from the addictive drugs their mothers took during pregnancy. Most often these are narcotic painkillers, such as oxycodone, morphine or hydrocodone, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Since 1995, the number of such newborns jumped 10-fold in Florida while tripling nationwide, the researchers said.

"These infants can experience severe symptoms that usually appear within the first two weeks of life," said lead researcher Jennifer Lind, a CDC epidemiologist.

The symptoms can include seizures, fever, excessive crying, tremors, vomiting and diarrhea, she said. And withdrawal can take a few weeks to a month.

Dr. David Mendez is a neonatologist at Miami Children's Hospital. He said, "Being in Florida, I can tell you there's been an explosion in the number of babies going through neonatal abstinence syndrome. It's clearly related to the exposure moms have to all narcotic painkillers."

Mendez said the infants go through a difficult time, but they do recover.

Sometimes it's enough to keep these babies in a quiet environment, but almost four out of five need treatment with morphine or the anticonvulsant phenobarbital to quell seizures and other withdrawal symptoms, Lind said.

The report -- which used data from three Florida hospitals -- cites a need for improved counseling and treatment of drug-abusing and drug-dependent women earlier in pregnancy.

Previous studies have found that addiction to narcotic painkillers can increase the risk for premature births, low birth weight and birth defects, Lind said. "Some of the birth defects are heart defects and defects of the brain and the spine," she said.

"More studies are needed to look at long-term outcomes," she added.

In 2009, the national incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome was 3.4 per 1,000 births, less than Florida's total of 4.4 per 1,000 births, according to background information in the report. Florida officials, alarmed by the increase, last year asked the CDC for help in assessing the problem.

source : Painkiller-Addicted Babies a Growing U.S. Concern, Especially in Fla.

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